TYPES OF SOLITARY
Arkansas does not use the term solitary confinement. The following are
ways that the Arkansas Department of Correction holds individuals in isolation.
Punitive Isolation is implemented
as a form of punishment.
In Arkansas, it is used arbitrarily,
as the state has not identified
which infractions can land a
prisoner in solitary.
While often restricted to a few months, punitive isolation can be,
and is at times used indefinitely.
is not considered a form of
punishment. It is often used while prison officials are making decisions regarding discipline, and at times
as a form of “protection."
Administrative segregation generally has no fixed endpoint.
Prisoners on death row are
housed in solitary confinement
Historically, prisoners on death row were wards of the county and were supposed to be held for safe keeping by the jail. Our system was never designed to house death row inmates in isolation for 20 or more years.
Being subjected to
solitary confinement can
drastically deteriorate a person's
resulting in hallucinations,
panic attacks, depression,
self harm, loss of memory,
mood swings and suicide.
Approximately 50% of prison suicides occur among the 4% of people in solitary confinement.
The Arkansas Department of Correction has pointed to isolation as a way of curbing violence
Across the country, states that have reduced their use of solitary confinement have seen a decrease in prison violence up to 75%.
THE HISTORY OF SOLITARY
The construction of this timeline relied heavily on the research of Jean Casella and James Redgeway, who wrote the introduction of Hell Is a Very Small Place,